As a result of the current conditions in Syria, which affected all economic and agricultural sectors and the destruction of infrastructure and scientific and agricultural research centers, agricultural production has witnessed a significant decline in all agricultural crops. The wheat crop is one of the most important crops affected by these conditions and this reflected in:
A decline in the cultivated – with – wheat areas.
High production costs for each ton of wheat as a result of higher production supplies.
Loss of some local varieties.
Significant deterioration in the quality of the prepared for seed varieties and high mixing among them.
Low wheat productivity per area unit due to the lack of good and reliable agricultural supplies.
Faced with this reality, there was a need for intervention by the concerned authorities to stop the decline of wheat growing areas, stop the deterioration of wheat seed varieties, maintain local varieties of high productivity and reduce the genetic confusion between the varieties of durum and bread wheat.
In the current season 2016-2017 The General Organization for Seed Multiplication launched the project of restoring the Syrian wheat varieties and multiplying them in order to produce higher stages of varieties through two tracks:
• These varieties were obtained from the FAO Organization, class breeder, through the Qatar Red Crescent Organization (QRC), where G.O.S.M was provided with small amounts of wheat seeds.
• They were cultivated at Kafer Shoush and Al Gina stations in Aleppo governorate.
The second track: the restoration of the upper stages of wheat varieties through the maintenance of the base stage and the production of seeds from the register stage:
– 16 local varieties of wheat were grown (sham 3, sham 4, sham 5, sham 6, sham 7, sham 10, sham 11, sham 12, Bohoth 8, Bohoth 9, Bohoth 11, ECSAD 65, Doma 1, Doma 2, Doma 4, Golan 2), where G.O.S.M. has been working on multiplying and preserving them during the past seasons 2014, 2015 and 2016.
– 50 kg basis class of each of the previous wheat varieties were purified from contradictory varieties and species. Cultivated with an average of 25 kg within experimental plots of 1.65 acres for each plot with a total area of 26.4 acres, with 14 lines per plot as shown in the sketchpad:
The experiment was done in two replicas at Kafer Shoush station in Aleppo and at Kafer Sandal station in Idlib.
الأصناف المتوفرة لدى المؤسسة العامة لإكثار البذار لعام 2017